a skeptical woman reports fever and headache

A video circulating on social media shows a patient from Itaguaí (RJ), a suspected monkey, complaining of pain, fever and blisters that appear on the body. The woman – whose identity has not been identified – was treated at a city hospital and remains isolated at home, under care.

In total, Brazil has eight proven monkey cases: four in São Paulo, two in Rio Grande do Sul and two in Rio de Janeiro.

“Yesterday I went [Hospital] San Francisco [Xavier]and smallpox suspects [dos macacos]. My face is very sharp, thyroid, here on the neck and a little lower. “I have a lot of pain, I have a lot of fever, a lot of headaches, and these blisters continue to hurt,” he said on the record.

“I am still waiting for the results of the exams that went to Rio,” he added.

In an interview with the website “Atual”, the woman said that she began to feel the first symptoms on June 14. She said she works in a hotel in the Costa Verde area, famous for receiving a large number of foreign tourists, but that she has not gone to work for more than one month.

The patient stated that he was taking dipyrone and deocil to reduce pain. Health professionals went to his home, this Monday (20), to collect material and send it to the Oswaldo Cruz Institute for analysis.

In an allusion to UOLItaguaí City Hall stated that the case of this patient was already under investigation and that all preventive and regulatory measures had been passed.

“The Department of Health has already officially contacted the state health authorities”, he says.

The state health department said that “monitoring of the case is being done by municipal monitoring with the help of government monitoring”.

“The patient is a 25-year-old woman who is currently alone at home,” she says.

How pollution occurs

Monkey is a rare viral disease that is transmitted through close / internal contact with a person infected with skin lesions. This contact may be, for example, by hugging, kissing, massages, sexual intercourse or secretions breathing close and long.

“Infections also occur by contact with objects, fabrics (clothing, bedding or towels) and surfaces that were used by the patient. , in a letter.


  • Avoid close / intimate contact with the patient until all injuries have healed;
  • Avoid touching any material, such as bedding, that has been used by the patient;
  • Hand hygiene, washing with soap and water and / or the use of alcohol gel.

Know the symptoms

The first symptoms may be fever, headache, muscle and back pain, swollen lymph nodes, cold or fatigue. One to three days after the onset of these symptoms, people develop skin lesions that can be on the hands, mouth, feet, chest, face, and / or genitals.

The risk of death is minimal

The monkey can be bad, but the danger is small. There are two distinct groups of viruses circulating around the world, grouped together according to their genetic characteristics: one large in Central African countries – with a mortality rate of about 10% – and another circulating in West Africa, with very low levels. ., of 1%.

Pre-gene monitoring shows that viruses circulating outside the African continent are the most dangerous.

Complications can occur, particularly secondary bacterial infections of the skin or lungs, which can progress to sepsis and death or the spread of the virus to the central nervous system, leading to a serious inflammation of the brain called encephalitis, which can have serious consequences or causing death ..

Furthermore, as with any viral infection, depending on the patient’s immune system and the condition and the availability of adequate medical care, some cases can be fatal.

The smallpox vaccine protects

Studies show that an early vaccination against smallpox can be effective against up to 85% of monkeys. This is because both viruses belong to the same family and therefore there is a degree of cross protection from genetic homology between them.

However, since smallpox was eradicated more than 40 years ago, no vaccine is now available to the general public. On the 14th, the WHO began recommending a vaccine against smallpox, but only for priority groups, that is, for people who had contact with those who had the disease and health professionals.

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