Brazil has more than 17,000 mothers by age 14, SUS data shows | Health

The case of an 11-year-old girl who became pregnant after being raped in Santa Catarina is no exception in Brazil. Preliminary data from the Ministry of Health collected by g1 note that in 2021 17,316 girls up to the age of 14 became mothers in the country. The number has declined in recent years.

According to current law, sex with children under 14 is considered the rape of a vulnerable person. If violence results in an abortion, the child has the right to legal abortion. Since that number includes girls who became pregnant after reaching the age of 14, it is impossible to say that they are all victims of rape.

Child and Youth Rights Specialist and coordinator of the Human Rights Commission of the Federal Legislative Chamber of Commerce, Perla Ribeiro, says that pregnancy notices are the most visible part of the problem of rape of vulnerable people in Brazil. . , which is still facing non-reporting.

“We have cases of sexual violence against children and young people, there is a serious shortage, when this child gets pregnant then you quarrel with the Government because he has to go through the procedures to go to the hospital and then get pregnant. detects the issue of sexual harassment and violence “, he says.

An expert on sexual violence and abortion issues according to the law, psychologist Daniela Pedroso says maintaining pregnancy for children who are sexually abused brings a series of psychological problems to the child, as well as physical, social and financial consequences.

He says the situation could be worse if the victim was denied the right to have the abortion legally, as happened to a Santa Catarina girl, who was detained by a court in a state-of-the-art facility. abortion.

A victim of rape, the girl from SC discovered that she was 22 weeks pregnant when she was taken to a hospital in Florianópolis, where she had an abortion procedure rejected by judge Joana Ribeiro Zimmer.

After the trial ended, the verdict and quotations from the case were revealed in a report by Portal Catarinas and The Intercept. The material was published Monday (20). In the video, Zimmer tries to persuade the girl to stay with the pregnancy and even to question the baby if “she could bear to stay longer”.

On Tuesday morning (21), the court ordered the girl to return to live with her mother. The family’s defense lawyer did not comment on the decision to have an abortion. The judge in the case was transferred to another district after being promoted. According to him, the invitation was issued prior to the outcome of the case.

Pedroso, who has been helping girls and women who have been victims of sexual violence for 25 years, says that the girls are often unaware of what is happening to them or their bodies.

“The case of this girl has an effect because it reminds me of all the similarities between the 10- and 11-year-old girls I saw.

“I always remember the girl’s story, how she discovered it. She was 10 years old, she was in the shower and the milk was coming out of her breast and she called her mother, and she managed to tell this mother that she was pregnant with her stepfather. And how was the service? [psicológico] its? It was sitting on the floor with him, who was a child. ”

North and Northeast have more parallel cases

Most cases of girls under the age of 14 who had children were registered in the Northeast (6,855). North appears next, with nearly 4 thousand records, followed by South-east (3.8 thousand), Middle-West (1.4 thousand) and South (1.3 thousand).

When we look at the total number of births in the regions, on the other hand, the North-east (833 thousand) has fewer live birth records than the South-east (1.2 million). North (322,000) reported fewer births than South (396 thousand).

In other words, in proportion, North and North East, regions with high levels of poverty, have more cases of pregnant girls than in other regions.

O g1 asked the Ministry of Health about the full 2021 data, but did not receive any information until the publication of this article.

The Coordinator for Women’s Rights in the Rio de Janeiro State Public Prosecutor’s Office, Flávia Nascimento, recalls that the abortion law for girls under 14 has been in Brazilian law since 1940.

The plaintiff believes that the law, as it does not specify a specific period in which the procedure may occur, allows for abortion at any time, but insists that this is not an agreement in the legal world.

Nascimento also says that he has discovered serious doubts among doctors about this topic, especially after recent positions from the Ministry of Health. Earlier this month, the ministry published a document stating that “there is no ‘legal’ abortion ‘and states that cases of” illegal divorce “will be confirmed after a” police investigation “.

“We have seen an increase in these cases, this suspicion from health professionals, especially since the Ministry of Health began to want to limit the rights that are broad, that is unlimited. MS, which is supposed to lead, leads in the wrong direction and ends up causing serious doubt for health professionals, ”he comments.

Historical live birth statistics show a decrease in teenage pregnancies in the country since 2014, when 28,245 girls had children. Two years later, in 2016, there were 24,139 girls. In 2019, prior to the epidemic, there were 19,300 maternal pregnancies up to the age of 14 years.

Despite the decline, two regions with the highest proportion of pregnant girls – North and Northeast – recorded an increase in cases in 2021, according to preliminary data from the Ministry of Health. The North went from 3,740 in 2020 to 3,975 in 2021, while the North East went from 6,822 to 6,855.

Despite the decline, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) stressed, in an article published in late 2021, that Brazil’s youth fertility rate is higher than the international average: there are 53 pregnant pregnancies per thousand, while on earth. There are 41. In the text, the United Nations agency highlighted the importance of information and comprehensive sex education as a tool for contraception in childhood, and the need to discuss violence and abuse affecting young people and girls.

G1 published a series of reports explaining what legal abortion is, after the Ministry of Health published a pamphlet in which it stated that “there is no such thing as legal abortion” and advocated that legal cases in Brazil be taken to “police.” investigation “.

In the clauses, there is information on the abortion procedure approved by Brazilian law. It must be provided free of charge by the United States Health System (SUS) and is permitted in cases where pregnancy is the result of rape, when the life of the pregnant woman is at risk or when there is a diagnosis of fetal anencephaly.

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