[Cultura Digital] WEB 3.0 Volume 4 | decentralization

What was the unique goal of the Internet? It’s definitely not about greedily exploiting the numerous, the previous mannequin we already perceive is unsustainable for society and the planet.


Per Alexander AdoglioCMO h sonic and digital entrepreneur.
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PLEASE NOTE: Nothing on this article constitutes funding recommendation, this content material is for academic functions solely and represents the opinion of the creator. Always do your individual analysis for any kind of economic funding.

Ever since our ancestors fell from the willows and started to band collectively below the affect of a typical objective, we’ve got adopted a mannequin of collective residing by means of management and centralized decision-making.

However, within the early days of the applied sciences we now name “the web,” the straightforward concept of ​​centralizing one thing was frowned upon. A conceptual framework for people-liking Tim Berners-Lee It was a possibility to consider dedication to improvement, to maximise democratization when it comes to entry and possession of knowledge.

In truth, it goes again to the unique philosophy behind the Internet, which was created through the Cold War to decentralize American communications, making them much less susceptible to assault. Initially, on-line instruments have been so free that they didn’t require knowledge change, comparable to on-line chats and BBS expertise. torrents has added numerous machines to make information out there on-line for obtain.

This first interval of educational freedom was adopted by expertise entrepreneurs (lots of them funded by the US authorities) who sought to develop instruments to unfold the Internet all over the world, together with first e-mail providers, then browsers, purposes, and different on-line options. . Appeared right here A big technical physiqueshifting trillions lately and telling the foundations of how you can assume, work together, win and lose.

As an instance, let’s take social media platforms the place your knowledge (all of your photographs, messages, and many others.) is saved solely on centralized servers owned by the platform suppliers. They management entry to that info, that’s, in the event that they use your knowledge for one thing you may by no means learn about. The identical is true of banks and the present financial system. It is a centralized system the place few establishments make choices.

The movement of life, the pandemic that terrorizes this mannequin that brings everybody to their knees and subjugates the bulk to the desire of the few, is a legacy of the Industrial Revolution, which benefited humanity drastically however appeared pointless when it created such actions. as nice resignationthis has led hundreds of thousands of individuals to resign in the hunt for a brand new lifestyle.

Web 3.0 paradigm shift is developed. / Source: Blockchain 101

Now with the appearance of blockchain expertise, info is shared on the chain and saved in a decentralized open ledger that information the standing of any kind of knowledge. These might be money transactions, but in addition some other types of info that change their standing over time. The blockchain is saved on a number of computer systems linked to an open or closed peer-to-peer community that anybody can be a part of. It additionally implies that anybody can write (and browse) info to the blockchain.

A consensus mechanism to make sure that new info recorded is appropriate and uncorrupted, and that previous information haven’t been modified or edited, makes the blockchain community too costly to deprave. Currently, consensus mechanisms are sometimes used proof of labor (used to confirm bitcoins) and Proof-of-Stake (e.g. used to verify Solana). This entire course of is also known as “community safety”.

With this expertise that has emerged in recent times, it has grow to be doable to develop purposes that don’t must be saved in a single place, that’s, we will create software program, and as an alternative of sharing its information on a single server, we will distribute it. in a number of locations Dapps.

The customers of this software program are additionally its homeowners, which implies that you should use it with out exchanging your private knowledge and in addition earn cash with the efficiency of the software by means of automated mechanisms (good contracts) for group administration and participation by means of tokens (NFTs, operational, participation, social, and many others.).

Dapps, a brand new expertise for decentralizing the online.


When we entry the online lately, our computer systems use the HTTP protocol within the type of net addresses to seek out info saved in a set location, normally a server. In distinction, with Dapps, yow will discover info primarily based on its content material, which implies it may be saved in a number of locations on the identical time. As a consequence, this type of the online consists of all computer systems that present providers, in addition to entry to them, generally known as peer-to-peer connections.

Such a system would permit the hacking of enormous databases at present maintained centrally by web corporations fairly than customers (therefore, the decentralized net). Essentially, this higher protects customers from personal and authorities surveillance, as knowledge is now not simply saved for third events to entry.

Technologies to allow this sort of exercise are in full swing, comparable to Cos.television, for instance, Cos.television is the primary video platform powered by the Contentos blockchain, the place you possibly can watch movies, share content material, and obtain rewards in COS token/foreign money, making YouTube completely decentralized different. , which generally blocks related content material as a result of opaque utilization insurance policies. Zeronet is a substitute for the present net the place web sites are hosted by a community of collaborating computer systems protected by the identical encryption used for Bitcoin, fairly than a centralized server.


Decentralized programs have extra open entry to info and, most significantly, don’t depend on a single entity. This is very vital when unhealthy actors begin to rise to energy, as a result of they will by no means management a whole system by controlling only one entity. By the identical logic, a decentralized construction is tougher to hack as a result of there is no such thing as a single level of failure.

The drawback of a decentralized system is the problem of coordinating the processes to achieve a consensus choice, since duty is distributed amongst all contributors in a given community.


Web 3.0 doesn’t require “permission,” which means that central authorities don’t resolve who has entry to which providers, and doesn’t require “belief,” which means that no middleman is required to make digital transactions between two or extra events. Because these businesses and intermediaries do many of the knowledge assortment, Web 3.0 technically higher protects person privateness. This implies that as an alternative of customers accessing the Internet by means of providers mediated by corporations comparable to Google, Apple or Facebook, people personal and management the sections and purposes they use.

A current homonymous occasion in Florida (USA) with a fairly liberal financial character, however a strong idea that technically examines the newest applied sciences within the sector, particularly the DeFi we talked about. extra decentralization advantages society. Some of this content material is offered right here.

It is at this level that we start to know The actual impression that Web 3.0 will deliver to hundreds of thousands of individuals’s lives, to pursue the true authentic goal of the web by means of the limitless change of knowledge, private analysis, equal distribution of outcomes, democratization of entry and, above all, freedom of expression. This just isn’t about being towards entrepreneurs getting cash from their on-line companies, however in regards to the grasping exploitation of the few over the numerous in an previous enterprise mannequin that we’ve got come to comprehend is unsustainable for us, society and the planet.


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