Posted on 06/21/2022 06:00
(loan: Xeno Veloso / Disclosure)
It was in 1985, on the skin, that filmmaker Silvio Tendler needed a CT scan, in Santa Casa da Misericórdia in Rio, which has the only device for that purpose. The device was provided by the government. The best services, hospitals and equipment are at the tip of the director’s tongue, while dealing with the latest film: a reality film. Health is treatable. “My mother was a doctor, and, as a result of her retirement, she was never part of SUS. She died in 1995, and SUS was just created. She was a doctor in the public health system: I’ve always seen model treatment.” Highlighting the plots of love, competence and professionalism, Tendler also knows the back side of the coin: “Of course SUS has a lot of problems, and it doesn’t make sense to cover the sun with a sieve. But, worse with it, worse without it”.
The health topic has long been the film of the director, who has already created such a film The poison is on the table (2011), on medicine, and Family size farming: an alternative to agribusiness (2014). During his lifetime, neurologist Paul Niemeyer Soares, the brother of architect Oscar, was instrumental in Tendler’s health care during the 1980s. And before organizing a collection of the country’s richest personal photos, more than 80,000 units, Tendler cut ties with Brasília, before winning the JK – JK Centenary medal (awarded by MinC in 2003) or even directing TV. Brasília and have been the Secretary of Culture and Sports of the DF.
At age 72, Tendler reaffirms his resolve, after addressing the will and principles of film cessation, promoting a panel of political topics in the work of privatization, the financial system, social justice barriers, popular culture and ancestral knowledge. . Not to mention that professor and historian Tendler also addressed, on screen, icons such as JK, Jango, Marighella, Ferreira Gullar and Carlos Zéfiro.
Interview // Silvio Tendler
What is the most dangerous content when it comes to breaking the Union Health System?
The danger in relation to the SUS issue is the chronic lack of funding. SUS is one of the best public health projects in the world and, indeed, the most funded, even the most efficient, has never received enough resources. It was as if there was a vicious operation to throw people against the construction of SUS, as if they had a wish that it would not succeed. And they present everything as if the people themselves rebelled against it, claiming its destruction. I will give you an example: the thing you get most from the media is people complaining about the quality of services, the hours you spend on the hospital queue to get care or even more the months and years you spend on the queue. get an appointment, order. So, here’s the worst reason: an attempt to prevent SUS from succeeding, that it should be a complete fulfillment of the dream of the generation that created it, especially for consumers who want to be healthier – health has a cure, the film represents mainly: the recognition of the importance of SUS and the need for respect. The epidemic highlighted the importance of SUS and now we need to move on to the second phase. Reorganize SUS, fund its activities, generate resources and also reconsider the form of governance so that people love and recognize it – as it did during the disaster.
What is the deciding factor in the efforts of SUS employees?
The commitment of SUS staff and social structures is not only recognized – it is recognized by the Brazilian population as a whole. We have all seen that, without SUS, the tragedy that took nearly 700,000 people to their deaths would have been much worse had it not been for the efforts of these workers. So I think SUS confirmed the importance of its existence. The SUS staff is more numerous than we can imagine: there is a much larger complex. We recognize many modern activities, which are UPA, hospital and doctor. We do not know that SUS educates people: there are schools, research centers and vaccine development. SUS is very complex and wide. It has recently acted as an orchestra: everyone was cheered and recognized. You have people from all walks of life wearing a lab coat; this is a very important point. I believe that SUS will have the necessary funding because, now, the population is more vigilant. It will start charging, and SUS will stop criticizing, complaining pages, staying on the pages claiming justice. We will be able to replace the old image, which has survived to this day, and we will have the SUS we want.
You have a very difficult job – is there any way to connect interests?
I think you can have different periods, styles and different topics. Work is never a line. There are those who hold, in their memory, a bunch of my films, content, but I have a lot more to say about the biography of three presidents: that of JK, made in 1980, that of Jango, of 1984, and. still that of Tancredo Neves (2011). In the 1980s, I did The magical world of Trapalhões (1981), which brings data from one of Brazil’s largest comedy groups with the largest cinema office. I have metal reference which refers to the national history of the national steel industry. I have a film about a poet who is Castro Alves (1999), there is a film about a revolutionary who is a revolutionary. marighella. There is that of the scientist Oswaldo Cruz, one about the geographer Milton Santos (2016), in 1995, I made a film by José de Castro, a psychologist and a boy who fought hunger. My job is more complicated than people know.
Is politics still appealing to you?
Currently, I am making a film about Leonel Brizola, about a politician who always dreamed of becoming president of the Republic, he did not fulfill his dream, but he went through many historical panels that I told. It is much harder than trying to position yourself as the biographer of the presidents of the Republic. I got this criticism of just talking about upstairs in the past, but I have a lot of films with broad and different topics. I take for granted the biography of the presidents of the Republic. As for the future, I think we desperately need to be renewed in politics and the training of new generations. I miss the politicians I worked with so much. I think leadership training is becoming increasingly scarce. And I am very much afraid of the management and administration of Brazil, and this tragedy that we are going through. Lets go.
Was there a chance to learn in a new film?
How many people were treated across Brazil in the five thousand municipalities in the country that were treated at the peak of covid-19? How many were admitted to the ICU? How many people were rescued by the struggles of the SUS staff, and who often worked in a humane environment? This is the main lesson: the workers’ war to save lives, the number of people vaccinated in Brazil, through the SUS structure. Today, 70% of Brazilian residents are vaccinated up to the second dose and, a little less, are in the third: everyone is supported free of charge by structures – this is a real proof of SUS performance. There were people evacuated by plane, by helicopter, to be treated. In fact, I give Manaus numbers. When there was a massacre and irresponsible action, which lacked oxygen in Manaus, national mobilization, even not just SUS, mobilization did a lot to save lives in the Amazon river and he lives in the interior. I can only answer you: Long live SUS.
Is it all just a celebration?
When you get involved in a work that focuses on what I’ve done, I think the best thing – and I’ve brought this up since the beginning of my career – is not to make a picture of a white plate. One should never try to hide the problem area — it’s all about disclosing, disclosing. I think the worst reputation you can pay an individual, for example, is to believe that he is a saint, that the person has been forgiven for criticism of any kind. As for the new film, it was no different: I interviewed people who speak well and who speak ill. I think the debate is important: raising questions even improving the quality and performance of SUS. Everything completes my career path, as a reality filmmaker. I am not an advertiser: I do not need to hide the truth in order to promote the product. I have to tell the truth, face the truth.
Which characters marked you health has a cure?
Every character in the film is very rich and highly respected. This from a patient who was lying in a hospital emergency room, near death, and playing a forró song, in the ward, with the doctor who treated him. That, for me, is a very exciting event. There is an incident by Dr. Jurema Werneck, a black doctor, today, representing a pardon in Brazil. He tells the story of his mother – he talks about his father being a porter at the Air Force hospital – and how they had no right to use the hospital. Her mother had a stroke and was treated with aspirin, as approved, by a doctor. Her mother dies, and Jurema becomes a doctor and fights for public health in Brazil. The film is about an ongoing struggle: there is a boy from Rio Grande do Sul who has a spinal cord injury, and is being treated, free of charge – even receiving medication and alive, from this stage. I think balance is very good.
health has a cure
Silvio Tendler’s document on the Union Health System. Free access in: https: //youtu.be/b-kZMfwvKsM