Sunspot doubles within 24 hours and can emit radiation on Earth

The solar area called AR 3038 doubled between Sunday (19) and Monday (20) nights. It is now facing the Earth, which increases the risk that a solar storm will remove radioactive material from our planet.

Photographs captured by NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory show how the area has evolved. “The rising sun has doubled in just 24 hours,” experts said. Spaceweather.com. “AR 3038 has an unstable ‘beta-gamma’ magnetic field, which stores energy for class M. solar radiation.”

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Photo taken by NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory, which monitors the sunspot AR 3038. Experts noted that its magnitude doubled in 24 hours. Photo: SDO / HMI / NASA

The sun has an 11-year cycle of solar activity, and it is currently in what astronomers call the 25th Solar Cycle. This number indicates the cycles that have been closely monitored by scientists. At the peak of the solar system, the Sun has a layer of spots on its surface, which represents energy levels.

Sunspots are dark areas on the surface of the Sun that can cause intense radiation explosions “when bursting”. That’s because they form on areas that have strong magnetic fields, and sometimes these trapped magnetic fields can cause an explosion.

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According to the internationally established classification, solar radiation M is the second most powerful type, within the scale distributed between groups A, B, C, M, X (from the weakest to the strongest among them). The M9 light, the most violent of the M-class, has the potential to cause radio shutdown for up to 10 minutes in areas affected by coronal mass ejection (CME) Earth.

In addition, if they come in direct contact with the Earth’s magnetic field, charged radiation particles, which launch at incredible speeds of 1.6 million miles per hour, can also interact with GPS waves, affecting communication and navigation systems. . “Particles from CME can also collide with important electronic devices in the satellite and disrupt its systems,” NASA warns in a statement.

Another possible result of the collision of the solar mass released by the Sun with atoms in the upper atmosphere of the Earth is the formation of light-colored displays known as aurora. When they occur in the northern hemisphere, they are called aurora borealis. In the southern hemisphere, they are aurora australis.

Normally, after a solar storm, it takes a few days for particles to reach Earth when they are directed to our planet. However, the National Meteorological Agency (SWPC) of the National Maritime Administration (NOAA) has been monitoring the sunspot AR 3038 and so far no warning has been issued.

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