June 19 is World Sickle Cell Awareness Day, a disease that is widespread throughout the country and around the world, in Tocantins with comprehensive care and the United Nations Health System (SUS). In that state, treatment is performed at Hemorrede Tocantins’ Hematology clinics, located at Palmas General Hospital (HGP) and at Araguaína Blood Center. The flow of access is through the SUS support network, completely free of charge, set up in the Primary Health Units (UBS) and coordinated by the State Control System.
Hemorrede Tocantins’ Hematology units have trained teams of various specialists, which include: hematologist, pediatrician, physiotherapist, psychologist, nutritionist, social services, dentist, laboratory and nursing team, who works in an integrated way to ensure the best service to the user. There are currently 743 patients registered in Tocantins.
Sickle Cell disease is a genetic and hereditary disease that is characterized by mutations in red blood cells, which lose their shape and shape, thus gaining the appearance of a sickle (hence the name sickle cells), making it harder for blood to clot. to pass. through vessels and, therefore, oxygen to body tissues.
Such a diagnosis can be made early in a child’s life, as stated by Specialist Director of Special Care, State Department of Health (SES-TO), Rafaela Sousa. “In a newborn test, a foot test is performed, a test performed at UBS. If there are any changes in the pathology, the patient is sent for a confirmation test, Hemoglobin Electrophoresis, to external Hemorrede clinics, which also provide treatment. repeats this test after six months, according to Ministry of Health protocols ”, he said.
A nurse at the HGP External Hematology Clinic, Jaqueline Ourique Picoli, says patients are being monitored on an outpatient basis. “Consultations are optional and pre-arranged, with specialist doctors and specialists. In an emergency and emergency, these patients can seek care in the Emergency Services Units and referral hospitals,” he explained.
In addition to follow-up by various specialists, patients can receive specific medications such as folic acid, obtained from the municipal health network, feroxymethyl pericillin potassium, provided by a blood clinic, hydroxyurea from State Medical Aid and other medications used in treatment. , are available. according to the approved medical practice.
Sickle cell disease can manifest itself differently for everyone. Some have only a few symptoms of mildness, others have one or more symptoms. Symptoms usually appear in the second half of the first year of a child’s life and can manifest themselves as painful, white, tired, yellow, yellow and white skin, foot-and-mouth disease, swelling of the hands and ankles, usually. up to the age of two, a period of severe infection behavior.